The import price of pulp in China continues to ris

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The import price of pulp in China continues to rise

affected by market factors such as the rising price of pulp raw materials in the international market and the shortage of supply, the import price of pulp in China continues to rise. In the first quarter of this year, the average import price of pulp at Guangdong port reached US $448/ton, an increase of 14.7% compared with the same period last year

the continuous rise in the price of imported pulp has increased the production cost of the domestic paper industry and directly led to the operating difficulties of some enterprises. The author learned from Huangpu Customs that the zero tariff of pulp for six consecutive years has induced the transfer of international paper industry to China, driving the continuous growth of China's pulp import. In the first quarter of this year, the import of pulp at Guangdong port reached 258000 tons, worth 120million US dollars, an increase of 21.8% and 39.7% respectively over the same period last year. Among them, general trade imports accounted for 80% of the total imports, reaching 208000 tons. The average price of imports through this way was 449 US dollars/ton, up 14.2%. From the perspective of imported pulp varieties, they are mainly alkali wood pulp or sulfate wood pulp and wood pulp produced by mechanical and chemical combined pulping by Professor zhouxiaodong of the joint State Key Laboratory of chemical engineering, East China University of science and technology, which account for 83.8% and 10% of the total import volume respectively. The average import price is 453 US dollars/ton and 450 US dollars/ton, up 15.7% and 16.7%

Canada, Brazil and the United States have become the main sources of imported pulp at Guangdong port. According to statistics, in the first quarter of this year, Guangdong Port imported 69000 tons of pulp from Canada, 46000 tons and 38000 tons from Brazil and the United States respectively. The imports of these three countries accounted for 60% of the total, and the average import price increased by 20.7%, 10.9% and 10.1% respectively

pulp is the basic raw material that affects the national economy and the people's livelihood. China is an important importer of pulp. The continuous rise of import prices has brought great pressure to the domestic paper industry. What is the reason for the long-term rise in the import price and volume of pulp

professionals believe that the zero tariff policy on pulp imports for six consecutive years has induced the transfer of the paper industry to China, directly driving the growth of pulp imports. As early as 1999, China has adjusted the import tariff rate of pulp to 0, but in recent years, the import of new "metamaterials" of paper and paper products can be changed freely. Jinan assay has changed the soft and hard tax rate due to the large number of customers. Until this year, the import tariff rate ranging from 2% to 13.8% is still applicable. The zero tariff rate policy of pulp import has directly induced the transfer of foreign paper industry to China's industry, and stimulated the import of pulp and other paper raw materials

China is a country with relatively scarce forests. After the implementation of the policy of closing mountains for afforestation in the second half of 1998, the supply of raw wood for papermaking has been further reduced; The demand for new capacity in the domestic packaging industry and the paper industry has further expanded the demand gap for pulp. It is predicted that China's paper industry will have a demand gap of about 10million tons of pulp by 2005, and a large number of paper raw materials must be imported

in addition, the sharp rise in pulp prices in the international market is also an important factor leading to the rise in China's import prices. At present, the pulp price in the international market has risen from $430/ton in the middle of 2002 to about $500/ton at the end of last year. Since the beginning of this year, international pulp prices have continued to rise. In April, the benchmark price NBSK (Northern bleached coniferous kraft pulp) of Foex pulp in Helsinki, Finland, has reached US $600.2 per ton, up 7.2% from the beginning of the year and 17% from the same period last year; NBSK pulp price in the U.S. market was $609 per ton introduced by Chen manor, an increase of 5% over the beginning of the year and 16% over the same period last year

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