The import of printing machinery decreased and the

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In 2005, the import of printing machinery decreased and the export soared

2005 is the last year of the tenth five year development plan, and it is also the second year for the country to curb the excessive development of repeated investment and construction in nine industries. Under the guidance of a series of important policies such as the scientific concept of development and the establishment of a harmonious society proposed by the 16th CPC National Congress, the growth mode of the national economy has changed from resource consumption to resource-saving development, and the growth of GDP has changed from national investment to consumption and export

in this environment of developing the national economy, the repeated investment construction of the printing industry is affected by macro-control, which affects the printing machinery and equipment market, affects the printing machinery and equipment market in 2005, and forms the new characteristics of the development of printing machinery and equipment. The rapid development of the printing machinery and equipment manufacturing industry began to slow down. According to the industry's statistics of key enterprises, the second quarter of 2005 only increased by 0.7% over the same period in 2004, and the third quarter only increased by 1.1% year-on-year. After years of high-speed growth, the import of printing machinery and equipment began to decline slightly, with the import volume falling by 2.74% year-on-year. Except for sheet fed lithographic printing machines, binding equipment and silk screen printing brushes, the import volume of other equipment generally fell, of which the flexographic printing machines and web lithographic printing machines fell by 43.2% and 39.6% respectively. The export of printing machinery and equipment continued to grow, with the export volume increasing by 53.1% year-on-year, further reducing the trade deficit. It is gratifying to colleagues in the industry that the sheet fed lithographic press achieved a good growth of 82.7% for the first time, and the export volume of Web lithographic press continued to maintain a rapid growth, with the export growth rate reaching 80%

the export of printing machinery and equipment increased rapidly in 2005. According to customs statistics, the annual export volume has reached 401 million US dollars. Except for the decline in the export of circular printing machines, the export of other equipment has become popular

according to industry statistics, among the enterprises that made great contributions to exports in 2005, the six enterprises in Shanghai were Shanghai Gauss, Shanghai Yahua, Shanghai shenweida, Shanghai Ziguang, Shanghai ikes and Shanghai Zihong; Beijing one is beiren stock; The three families in Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province are Wenzhou Yaohua, Wenzhou Qunying and Wenzhou Shenli

the equipment with an export of more than 10million US dollars includes 723378 paper cutting machines, 1654 box manufacturing equipment, 1620 molding equipment, 199 web printing machines, 527 sheet fed printing machines, 779 gravure printing machines in accordance with certain rules, 12937 inkjet printing machines, 59478 other unlisted printing machines, 11604 tons of printing and auxiliary machine parts, etc. The main countries and regions of these equipment exports are: Italy, Canada, Russia, Taiwan, Germany, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, South Africa, the United States, China's calculation standard: GB 228.1 ⑵ 010 Hong Kong, Indonesia, Ukraine, Vietnam, India, Malaysia and other countries and regions

the import of printing machinery fell slightly in 2005, and the momentum of rapid import growth slowed down. According to customs statistics, the import volume was 1.669 billion US dollars, 2.74% lower than that in 2004. The main equipment for import growth include: sheet fed lithographic printing machine, binding equipment, circular printing machine and other printing machines

the equipment varieties imported from China with more than US $50million include 1803 paper cutting machines, 69 web printing machines, 1135 sheet fed printing machines, 11203 inkjet printing machines, 1150 flat printing machines, 21514 other unlisted printing machines, and 8249 tons of printing and auxiliary machine parts. The main countries and regions of the above imported equipment are still countries and regions with more developed traditional printing equipment, including Germany, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Spain, the United States, Singapore, South Korea, the United Kingdom and other countries and regions

in the case of good export situation, we should also see the problems of product structure and export quality in the export of printing equipment, which should be paid attention to by all parties and adjusted in the new development period

1. Among the export printing machinery and equipment, the three equipment with the largest export volume are inkjet printers, other unlisted printers and printing and auxiliary parts, which account for 48.8% of the total export volume. The former is mainly manufactured by wholly foreign-owned or joint venture enterprises, while the latter two are labor-intensive products with low technical content for the export of equipment and printing and auxiliary parts. The export of US $56 million environmental protection projects is unqualified. The import volume of waste raw materials is large, but the export exchange capacity is very low. This obviously reflects that the export product structure is unreasonable, and the export scale of complete equipment should be expanded

2. The main export direction of China's printing machinery and equipment is the third world countries, and the export direction of parts and components includes both developed countries and less developed countries' equipment maintenance spare parts. In 2005, the export volume of printing machine sets to the United States and other countries increased rapidly, and the whole equipment exported to developed countries is still manufactured by wholly foreign-owned or Sino foreign joint ventures. In the future, the development of European and American markets is still the main direction of printing machinery enterprises

3. Improving the independent innovation ability of printing machinery enterprises is one of the important tasks to stimulate the production capacity of domestic printing machinery manufacturing enterprises. Improving the technical content of export equipment and independent intellectual property rights is also a major measure to improve the exchange capacity of products. Taking the comparative import of sheet fed lithography press and web lithography press as an example, the average import of a sheet fed lithography press is US $624000, while the export of a sheet fed lithography press is only US $22000; The average import of a web lithography press is $1.475 million, while the export of a web lithography press is only $193000. Although the imported equipment has large specifications, complete configuration and high quality, the high value of a single unit also reflects the gap between the technical content and quality of these two kinds of equipment

4. In addition to the sheet fed lithographic printing machine and web lithographic printing machine, the other two products that deserve attention for their impact samples are other unlisted printing machines and printing and auxiliary parts, with the total import volume of nearly US $300million, which reflects the dependence of digital printing machines and supporting parts of domestic printing machinery and equipment on foreign countries. It is an important task for these two fields to actively develop digital printing machines and promote the production of basic components

5. The main countries that export complete machine equipment are the key objectives of expanding exports. They should work hard to do a good job in after-sales service while strengthening exports. Countries with conditions can set up offices and establish 24-hour services. An enterprise has difficulties in establishing a complete service system, which can be solved by strengthening cooperation, which also reflects the importance of taking the road of collectivization. The author believes that the conditions for establishing a service system in Russia, Indonesia, Nigeria, Thailand, Vietnam and other countries are ripe

6. The entrepot trade in Hong Kong is still an important base for China's exports. According to incomplete statistics, the total entrepot trade from Hong Kong in 2005 was US $55.8 million (including local demand), accounting for 13.9% of the export volume. The main products of entrepot trade include inkjet printing machines, unlisted printing machines, printing and auxiliary machine parts, sheet fed lithographic printing machines, type printing machines, etc

7. The import and export of parts and components of printing machinery and equipment in China is quite large, including some spare parts of import and export equipment, as well as a large number of electromechanical supporting products imported by printing machinery manufacturing enterprises and printing machinery auxiliary equipment that cannot be produced in China. Domestic enterprises should actively localize most supporting products through procurement and cooperation, overcome the current low return situation of high price import and low price export, and also hope that the state will introduce preferential policies to actively introduce advanced technology to stop the current situation of declining profits year by year

source: China Packaging News

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